Beginners and experts alike can benefit from analyzing and adjusting their ski stance. Your stance provides the movement and flexibility necessary to perform all skiing-related actions—from turns and tricks to simply starting and stopping. As a result, elements of the skiing stance can be applied to any number of maneuvers, thus improving your overall form.
First and foremost: the ski stance is not a static position. Skiing necessitates movement, so your stance must adapt to the action you are performing. Therefore, the stance is variable, shifting as you change direction, speed, and slope angle. A good stance should be able to absorb bumps through the legs and allow the body to flex, meaning the knees and other joints must be bend. Your stance should also allow your skis to assume the correct position. You should be able to both conserve energy and remain comfortable while in the stance for extended periods of time.
The straight stance occurs when your skis are angled downhill and you are looking ahead, traveling straight down the slope. The skis should be parallel, hip width apart, and your knees should bend to absorb bumps. The body should lean slightly forward, putting most of the weight over the middle of the skis. The arms should be out to your sides, slightly in front and with elbows slightly bent. As the gradient of the slope increases and decreases, you will need to lean forward or backward to retain your center of gravity.
A traversing stance occurs when you are going across the slope. Your body will lean into the mountain to combat gravity. In this position, the uphill leg is bent more to compensate for the angle of the slope. The upper body should twist slightly toward the fall line, or the imaginary line in the steepest direction of the slope. Both knees should bend to absorb bumps.
The leaning stance is very similar to the traversing stance; the same principles apply, but the situation changes. While the traversing stance is used to travel across the mountain, the leaning stance is necessary when making tight, slalom-like turns while heading down the mountain. It combines elements of the straight and traversing stance; the upper body and hips are placed over the middle of the skis, but the body shifts to the left and right. The center of gravity moves away from the force created by turns. The body twists slightly to the side, allowing the skier to retain balance.